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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 (Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2020
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 1-11689  
Fair Isaac Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware94-1499887
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
181 Metro Drive, Suite 70095110-1346
San Jose,California
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 408-535-1500  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareFICONew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.


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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   
Yes
No
The number of shares of common stock outstanding on January 15, 2021 was 29,236,110 (excluding 59,620,673 shares held by us as treasury stock).


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 


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PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
FAIR ISAAC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
December 31,
2020
September 30, 2020
 (In thousands, except par value data)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$144,662 $157,394 
Accounts receivable, net310,626 334,180 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets53,153 42,504 
Total current assets508,441 534,078 
Marketable securities28,455 25,513 
Other investments1,327 1,060 
Property and equipment, net39,011 46,419 
Operating lease right-of-use assets56,030 57,656 
Goodwill817,777 812,364 
Intangible assets, net8,367 9,236 
Deferred income taxes15,003 14,629 
Other assets 102,452 105,285 
Total assets$1,576,863 $1,606,240 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$21,749 $23,033 
Accrued compensation and employee benefits73,231 117,952 
Other accrued liabilities49,254 63,367 
Deferred revenue115,808 115,159 
Current maturities on debt131,000 95,000 
Total current liabilities391,042 414,511 
Long-term debt 739,831 739,435 
Operating lease liabilities69,815 73,207 
Other liabilities52,054 48,005 
Total liabilities1,252,742 1,275,158 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock ($0.01 par value; 1,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding)
  
Common stock ($0.01 par value; 200,000 shares authorized, 88,857 shares issued and 29,236 and 29,096 shares outstanding at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively)
292 291 
Additional paid-in-capital1,145,893 1,218,583 
Treasury stock, at cost (59,621 and 59,761 shares at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively)
(3,035,668)(2,997,856)
Retained earnings2,279,551 2,193,059 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(65,947)(82,995)
Total stockholders’ equity324,121 331,082 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,576,863 $1,606,240 

See accompanying notes.
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FAIR ISAAC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 Quarter Ended December 31,
 20202019
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues:
Transactional and maintenance$252,150 $220,374 
Professional services41,425 44,025 
License18,839 34,105 
Total revenues312,414 298,504 
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenues89,528 90,758 
Research and development40,651 38,943 
Selling, general and administrative93,911 112,021 
Amortization of intangible assets937 1,796 
Restructuring and impairment charges 3,104 
Gain on sale of product line assets(7,334) 
Total operating expenses217,693 246,622 
Operating income94,721 51,882 
Interest expense, net(9,641)(9,768)
Other income (expense), net2,880 (219)
Income before income taxes87,960 41,895 
Income tax provision (benefit)1,468 (13,026)
Net income86,492 54,921 
Other comprehensive gain:
Foreign currency translation adjustments17,048 14,092 
Comprehensive income$103,540 $69,013 
Earnings per share:
Basic$2.97 $1.89 
Diluted$2.90 $1.82 
Shares used in computing earnings per share:
Basic29,127 29,025 
Diluted29,789 30,169 

See accompanying notes.

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FAIR ISAAC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in-Capital
Treasury StockRetained EarningsAccumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands) SharesPar Value
Balance at September 30, 202029,096 $291 $1,218,583 $(2,997,856)$2,193,059 $(82,995)$331,082 
Share-based compensation— — 25,132 — — — 25,132 
Issuance of treasury stock under employee stock plans241 2 (97,822)12,198 — — (85,622)
Repurchases of common stock(101)(1)— (50,010)— — (50,011)
Net income— — — — 86,492 — 86,492 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — — 17,048 17,048 
Balance at December 31, 202029,236 $292 $1,145,893 $(3,035,668)$2,279,551 $(65,947)$324,121 
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in-Capital
Treasury StockRetained EarningsAccumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands) SharesPar Value
Balance at September 30, 201928,944 $289 $1,225,365 $(2,802,450)$1,956,648 $(90,085)$289,767 
Share-based compensation— — 23,145 — — — 23,145 
Issuance of treasury stock under employee stock plans410 4 (100,320)19,361 — — (80,955)
Repurchases of common stock(168)(1)— (60,008)— — (60,009)
Net income— — — — 54,921 — 54,921 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — — 14,092 14,092 
Balance at December 31, 201929,186 $292 $1,148,190 $(2,843,097)$2,011,569 $(75,993)$240,961 

See accompanying notes.
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FAIR ISAAC CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 Quarter Ended December 31,
 20202019
 (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$86,492 $54,921 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,026 7,856 
Share-based compensation25,132 23,145 
Deferred income taxes(298)(1,016)
Net gain on marketable securities(1,768)(944)
Non-cash operating lease costs4,000 4,493 
Provision for doubtful accounts, net219 281 
Net loss on sales and abandonment of property and equipment62 48 
Gain on sale of product line assets(7,334) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable33,130 22,391 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(7,310)(21,711)
Accounts payable(1,479)10,349 
Accrued compensation and employee benefits(46,704)(35,566)
Other liabilities(12,241)(4,379)
Deferred revenue(980)497 
Net cash provided by operating activities 77,947 60,365 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(3,045)(6,500)
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities567 167 
Purchases of marketable securities(1,741)(2,733)
Proceeds from sale of product line assets8,291  
(Purchase of) distribution from equity investment(210)55 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities3,862 (9,011)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from revolving line of credit116,000 117,000 
Payments on revolving line of credit(80,000)(367,000)
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes 350,000 
Payments on debt issuance costs (6,805)
Payments on finance leases(176)(425)
Proceeds from issuance of treasury stock under employee stock plans57 5,091 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards(85,678)(86,047)
Repurchases of common stock(50,011)(60,009)
Net cash used in financing activities (99,808)(48,195)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash5,267 1,631 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(12,732)4,790 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period157,394 106,426 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$144,662 $111,216 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds of $221 and $154 during the quarters ended December 31, 2020, and 2019, respectively
$3,186 $2,391 
Cash paid for interest$17,858 $12,856 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment included in accounts payable$13 $93 
Finance lease obligations incurred$ $3,045 
See accompanying notes.
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FAIR ISAAC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. Nature of Business
Fair Isaac Corporation
Incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware, Fair Isaac Corporation (“FICO”) is a provider of analytic, software and data management products and services that enable businesses to automate, improve and connect decisions. FICO provides a range of analytical solutions, credit scoring and credit account management products and services to banks, credit reporting agencies, credit card processing agencies, insurers, retailers, healthcare organizations and public agencies.
In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, Fair Isaac Corporation is referred to as “FICO,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or “the Company.”
Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
We have prepared the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and the applicable accounting guidance. Consequently, we have not necessarily included all information and footnotes required for audited financial statements. In our opinion, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, except as otherwise indicated) necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and results of operations. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. The interim financial information contained in this report is not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other interim period or for the entire fiscal year.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of FICO and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
We make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the disclosures made in the accompanying notes. For example, we use estimates in determining the collectibility of accounts receivable; the appropriate levels of various accruals; variable considerations included in the transaction price for our customer contracts; labor hours in connection with fixed-fee service contracts; the amount of our tax provision; and the realizability of deferred tax assets. We also use estimates in determining the remaining economic lives and carrying values of acquired intangible assets, property and equipment, and other long-lived assets. In addition, we use assumptions to estimate the fair value of reporting units and share-based compensation. Actual results may differ from our estimates.

As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve, estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty and therefore require increased judgment. These estimates and assumptions may change in future periods and will be recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements as new events occur and additional information becomes known. To the extent our actual results differ materially from those estimates and assumptions, our future financial statements could be affected. For more information, see Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Internal-Use Software (“ASU 2018-15”). ASU 2018-15 aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. We adopted ASU 2018-15 in the first quarter of our fiscal 2021 and the adoption did not have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
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In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments and subsequent amendments to the initial guidance: ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05 and ASU 2019-11 (collectively, “Topic 326”). Topic 326 requires measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held. We adopted Topic 326 in the first quarter of our fiscal 2021 and the adoption did not have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
We do not expect that any recently issued accounting pronouncements will have a significant effect on our financial statements.
2. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The accounting guidance establishes a three-level hierarchy for disclosure that is based on the extent and level of judgment used to estimate the fair value of assets and liabilities.
 
Level 1 - uses unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Our Level 1 assets are comprised of money market funds and certain marketable securities. We did not have any liabilities that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 1 hierarchy as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020.
Level 2 - uses inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable through correlation with market data. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and inputs to valuation models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment because the inputs used in the model, such as interest rates and volatility, can be corroborated by readily observable market data. We did not have any assets that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 2 hierarchy as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020. We measure the fair value of our senior notes based on Level 2 inputs, which include quoted market prices and interest rate spreads of similar securities.
Level 3 - uses one or more significant inputs that are unobservable and supported by little or no market activity, and that reflect the use of significant management judgment. Level 3 assets and liabilities include those whose fair value measurements are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar valuation techniques, and significant management judgment or estimation. We did not have any assets or liabilities that are valued using inputs identified under a Level 3 hierarchy as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020.
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The following tables represent financial assets that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:
December 31, 2020Active Markets for
Identical Instruments
(Level 1)
Fair Value as of December 31, 2020
(In thousands)
Assets:
Cash equivalents (1)$10,694 $10,694 
Marketable securities (2)28,455 28,455 
Total$39,149 $39,149 
September 30, 2020Active Markets for
Identical Instruments
(Level 1)
Fair Value as of September 30, 2020
(In thousands)
Assets:
Cash equivalents (1)$35,275 $35,275 
Marketable securities (2)25,513 25,513 
Total$60,788 $60,788 
(1)Included in cash and cash equivalents on our condensed consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020. Not included in these tables are cash deposits of $134.0 million and $122.1 million at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively.
(2)Represents securities held under a supplemental retirement and savings plan for senior management employees, which are distributed upon termination or retirement of the employees. Included in marketable securities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020.
See Note 7 for the fair value of our senior notes.
There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
3. Derivative Financial Instruments
We use derivative instruments to manage risks caused by fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The primary objective of our derivative instruments is to protect the value of foreign-currency-denominated receivable and cash balances from the effects of volatility in foreign exchange rates that might occur prior to conversion to their respective functional currencies. We principally utilize foreign currency forward contracts, which enable us to buy and sell foreign currencies in the future at fixed exchange rates and economically offset changes in foreign exchange rates. We routinely enter into contracts to offset exposures denominated in the British pound, Euro, and Singapore dollar.
Foreign-currency-denominated receivable and cash balances are remeasured at foreign exchange rates in effect on the balance sheet date with the effects of changes in foreign exchange rates reported in other income, net. The forward contracts are not designated as hedges and are marked to market through other income, net. Fair value changes in the forward contracts help mitigate the changes in the value of the remeasured receivable and cash balances attributable to changes in foreign exchange rates. The forward contracts are short-term in nature and typically have average maturities at inception of less than three months.
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The following tables summarize our outstanding foreign currency forward contracts, by currency, at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:
 December 31, 2020
 Contract AmountFair Value
 Foreign
Currency
USDUSD
 (In thousands)
Sell foreign currency:
Euro (EUR)EUR 18,900 $23,068 $ 
Buy foreign currency:
British pound (GBP)GBP 12,034 $16,400 $ 
Singapore dollar (SGD)SGD6,725 $5,100 $ 
 September 30, 2020
 Contract AmountFair Value
 Foreign
Currency
USDUSD
 (In thousands)
Sell foreign currency:
Euro (EUR)EUR 15,000 $17,656 $ 
Buy foreign currency:
British pound (GBP)GBP 16,555 $21,300 $ 
Singapore dollar (SGD)SGD7,815 $5,700 $ 
The foreign currency forward contracts were entered into on December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively; therefore, their fair value was $0 on each of these dates.
Gains on derivative financial instruments are recorded in our condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income as a component of other income (expense), net, and consisted of the following: 
 Quarter Ended December 31,
 20202019
 (In thousands)
Gains on foreign currency forward contracts$1,686 $1,145 

4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Amortization expense associated with our intangible assets is reflected as a separate operating expense caption — amortization of intangible assets — and is excluded from cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses within the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. Amortization expense consisted of the following: 
 Quarter Ended December 31,
 20202019
 (In thousands)
Completed technology$322 $575 
Customer contracts and relationships571 1,140 
Trade names 37 
Non-compete agreements44 44 
       Total$937 $1,796 

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Estimated future intangible asset amortization expense associated with intangible assets existing at December 31, 2020 was as follows:
Year Ending September 30,(In thousands)
2021 (excluding the quarter ended December 31, 2020)$2,742 
20223,392 
20231,316 
2024917 
       Total$8,367 
The following table summarizes changes to goodwill during the quarter ended December 31, 2020, both in total and as allocated to our segments:
ApplicationsScoresDecision Management SoftwareTotal
 (In thousands)
Balance at September 30, 2020$596,804 $146,648 $68,912 $812,364 
Foreign currency translation adjustment4,568  845 5,413 
Balance at December 31, 2020$601,372 $146,648 $69,757 $817,777 

5. Composition of Certain Financial Statement Captions
The following table presents the composition of property and equipment, net and other assets at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:
December 31,
2020
September 30,
2020
 (In thousands)
Property and equipment, net:
       Property and equipment$156,053 $161,119 
       Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization(117,042)(114,700)
           Total$39,011 $46,419 
Other assets:
Long-term receivables$50,566 $54,074 
Prepaid commissions40,159 38,579 
Others11,727 12,632 
    Total$102,452 $105,285 
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6. Revolving Line of Credit
We have a $400 million unsecured revolving line of credit with a syndicate of banks that expires on May 8, 2023 with an option to increase it by another $100 million. Proceeds from the credit facility can be used for working capital and general corporate purposes and may also be used for the refinancing of existing debt, acquisitions and the repurchase of our common stock. Interest on amounts borrowed under the credit facility is based on (i) a base rate, which is the greater of (a) the prime rate, (b) the Federal Funds rate plus 0.500% and (c) the one-month LIBOR rate plus 1.000%, plus, in each case, an applicable margin, or (ii) an adjusted LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin for base rate borrowings ranges from 0% to 0.875% and for LIBOR borrowings ranges from 1.000% to 1.875%, and is determined based on our consolidated leverage ratio. In addition, we must pay credit facility fees. The credit facility contains certain restrictive covenants including maintaining a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of 3.25 on an average trailing four-quarter basis, subject to a step up to 3.75 following certain permitted acquisitions; and a minimum interest coverage ratio of 3.00. The credit agreement also contains other covenants typical of unsecured facilities. As of December 31, 2020, we had $131.0 million in borrowings outstanding at a weighted-average interest rate of 1.284% and were in compliance with all financial covenants under this credit facility.
7. Senior Notes
On May 8, 2018, we issued $400 million of senior notes in a private offering to qualified institutional investors (the “2018 Senior Notes”). The 2018 Senior Notes require interest payments semi-annually at a rate of 5.25% per annum and will mature on May 15, 2026.
On December 6, 2019, we issued $350 million of senior notes in a private offering to qualified institutional investors (the “2019 Senior Notes,” and with the 2018 Senior Notes, the “Senior Notes”). The 2019 Senior Notes require interest payments semi-annually at a rate of 4.00% per annum and will mature on June 15, 2028.
The indentures for the Senior Notes contain certain covenants typical of unsecured obligations.
The following table presents the face values and fair values for the Senior Notes at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:
 December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
 Face Value (*)Fair ValueFace Value (*) Fair Value
 (In thousands)
The 2018 Senior Notes400,000 452,000 400,000 442,000 
The 2019 Senior Notes350,000 364,000 350,000 358,750 
       Total $750,000 $816,000 $750,000 $800,750 
(*) The carrying value of the Senior Notes was the face value reduced by the net debt issuance costs of $10.2 million and $10.6 million at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively.

8. Income Taxes
Effective Tax Rate
The effective income tax rate was 1.7% and (31.1)% during the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The provision for income taxes during interim quarterly reporting periods is based on our estimates of the effective tax rates for the full fiscal year. The effective tax rate in any quarter can also be affected positively or negatively by adjustments that are required to be reported in the specific quarter of resolution.
The effective tax rates for the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were both impacted by the recording of excess tax benefits relating to stock awards. The impact is dependent upon grants of stock-based compensation and the future stock price in relation to the fair value of awards on the grant date. The increase in stock price for awards that vested in December 2019 was significantly larger than the increase in stock price for the awards that vested in December 2020.
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The total unrecognized tax benefit for uncertain tax positions was estimated to be $9.0 million and $8.0 million at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively. We recognize interest expense related to unrecognized tax benefits and penalties as part of the provision for income taxes in our condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. We accrued interest of $0.5 million and $0.4 million related to unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively.
9. Stock-Based Employee Benefit Plans
We maintain the 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”) under which we grant equity awards, including stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, stock unit awards and other stock-based awards. All employees, consultants and advisors of FICO or any subsidiary, as well as all non-employee directors, are eligible to receive awards under the 2012 Plan. Stock option awards have a maximum term of seven years. In general, stock option awards and restricted stock unit awards not subject to market or performance conditions vest annually over four years. Restricted stock unit awards subject to market or performance conditions generally vest annually over three years based on the achievement of specified criteria.
We maintain the 2019 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2019 Purchase Plan”) under which we are authorized to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of our common stock to eligible employees. Employees have up to 15% of their eligible pay withheld through payroll deductions to purchase FICO common stock during semi-annual offering periods. The purchase price of the stock is 85% of the closing sales price of FICO common stock on the last trading day of each offering period. Offering period means the approximately six-month long periods commencing (a) on the first trading day on or after September 1 and terminating on the last trading day in the following February, and (b) on the first trading day on or after March 1 and terminating on the last trading day in the following August.
Stock Options
The following table summarizes option activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2020:
SharesWeighted-average Exercise PriceWeighted-average Remaining Contractual TermAggregate Intrinsic Value
(In thousands)(In years)(In thousands)
Outstanding at September 30, 2020246 $166.80 
       Granted12 506.91 
Outstanding at December 31, 2020258 $182.79 3.75$84,688 
Exercisable at December 31, 2020188 $140.06 3.05$69,796 
Vested or expected to vest at December 31, 2020255 $180.76 3.72$84,191 
Restricted Stock Units
The following table summarizes restricted stock unit activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2020:
SharesWeighted-average Grant-date Fair Value
(In thousands)
Outstanding at September 30, 2020721 $229.10 
       Granted159 506.38 
       Released(273)187.57 
       Forfeited(19)241.04 
Outstanding at December 31, 2020588 $323.15 
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Performance Share Units
The following table summarizes performance share unit activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2020:
SharesWeighted-average Grant-date Fair Value
(In thousands)
Outstanding at September 30, 2020127 $248.97 
       Granted33 506.91 
       Released(68)217.36 
Outstanding at December 31, 202092 $366.08 
Market Share Units
The following table summarizes market share unit activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2020:
SharesWeighted-average Grant-date Fair Value
(In thousands)
Outstanding at September 30, 202063 $311.91 
       Granted67 471.16 
       Released(67)257.15 
Outstanding at December 31, 202063 $541.41 
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
As the 2019 Purchase Plan has semi-annual offering periods with shares purchased on the last trading day in the months of February and August, no shares were purchased during the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

10. Earnings per Share
The following table presents reconciliations for the numerators and denominators of basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) for the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and 2019: 
 Quarter Ended December 31,
 20202019
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Numerator for diluted and basic earnings per share:
Net income$86,492 $54,921 
Denominator - share:
Basic weighted-average shares29,127 29,025 
Effect of dilutive securities662 1,144 
Diluted weighted-average shares29,789 30,169 
Earnings per share:
Basic$2.97 $1.89 
Diluted$2.90 $1.82 
Anti-dilutive stock-based awards excluded from the calculations of diluted EPS were immaterial during the periods presented.
11. Segment Information
We are organized into the following three operating segments, each of which is a reportable segment, to align with internal management of our worldwide business operations based on product offerings.
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Applications. This segment includes pre-configured decision management applications designed for a specific type of business problem or process — such as marketing, account origination, customer management, fraud, financial crimes compliance, collections and insurance claims management — as well as associated professional services. These applications are available to our customers as on-premises software, and many are available as hosted, software-as-a-service (“SaaS”) applications through the FICO® Analytic Cloud or Amazon Web Services (“AWS”).
Scores. This segment includes our business-to-business scoring solutions and services, our business-to-consumer scoring solutions and services including myFICO® solutions for consumers, and associated professional services. Our scoring solutions give our clients access to analytics that can be easily integrated into their transaction streams and decision-making processes. Our scoring solutions and services are either distributed through major credit reporting agencies worldwide or sold to our clients directly.
Decision Management Software. This segment is composed of analytic and decision management software tools that clients can use to create their own custom decision management applications, our FICO® Decision Management Suite, as well as associated professional services. Some of our decision management software is currently delivered as part of the FICO® Decision Management Platform and is increasingly being adopted to connect decisioning solutions or previously disconnected use cases. These tools are available to our customers as on-premises software, through the FICO® Analytic Cloud or AWS.
Our Chief Executive Officer evaluates segment financial performance based on segment revenues and segment operating income. Segment operating expenses consist of direct and indirect costs principally related to personnel, facilities, consulting, travel and depreciation. Indirect costs are allocated to the segments generally based on relative segment revenues, fixed rates established by management based upon estimated expense contribution levels and other assumptions that management considers reasonable. We do not allocate broad-based incentive expense, share-based compensation expense, restructuring expense, amortization expense, various corporate charges and certain other income and expense measures to our segments. These income and expense items are not allocated because they are not considered in evaluating the segment’s operating performance. Our Chief Executive Officer does not evaluate the financial performance of each segment based on its respective assets, nor capital expenditures where depreciation amounts are allocated to the segments from their internal cost centers as described above.
The following tables summarize segment information for the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
 Quarter Ended December 31, 2020
 ApplicationsScoresDecision Management SoftwareUnallocated
Corporate
Expenses
Total
 (In thousands)
Segment revenues:
Transactional and maintenance$97,731 $138,590 $15,829 $— $252,150 
Professional services30,605 117 10,703 — 41,425 
License7,025 5,944 5,870 — 18,839 
Total segment revenues135,361 144,651 32,402 — 312,414 
Segment operating expense(99,859)(21,626)(47,220)(30,253)(198,958)
Segment operating income (loss)$35,502 $123,025 $(14,818)$(30,253)113,456 
Unallocated share-based compensation expense(25,132)
Unallocated amortization expense(937)
Unallocated gain on sale of product line assets7,334 
Operating income94,721 
Unallocated interest expense, net(9,641)
Unallocated other income, net2,880 
Income before income taxes$87,960 
Depreciation expense$4,374 $194 $984 $33 $5,585 
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 Quarter Ended December 31, 2019
 ApplicationsScoresDecision Management SoftwareUnallocated
Corporate
Expenses
Total
 (In thousands)
Segment revenues:
Transactional and maintenance$98,837 $107,446 $14,091 $— $220,374 
Professional services34,023 264 9,738 — 44,025 
License19,318 7,428 7,359 — 34,105 
Total segment revenues152,178 115,138 31,188 — 298,504 
Segment operating expense(116,010)(17,712)(50,645)(34,210)(218,577)
Segment operating income (loss)$36,168 $97,426 $(19,457)$(34,210)79,927 
Unallocated share-based compensation expense(23,145)
Unallocated amortization expense(1,796)
Unallocated restructuring and impairment charges(3,104)
Operating income51,882 
Unallocated interest expense, net(9,768)
Unallocated other expense, net(219)
Income before income taxes$41,895 
Depreciation expense$4,349 $116 $986 $225 $5,676 
Information about disaggregated revenue by product deployment methods was as follows:
Quarter Ended December 31, 2020
Reportable SegmentsOn-PremisesSaaSScoresTotalPercentage
(Dollars in thousands)
Applications$71,220 $64,141 $ $135,361 43 %
Scores  144,651 144,651 46 %
Decision Management Software22,778 9,624  32,402 11 %
      Total$93,998 $73,765 $144,651 $312,414 100 %
Quarter Ended December 31, 2019
Reportable SegmentsOn-PremisesSaaSScoresTotalPercentage
(Dollars in thousands)
Applications$85,978 $66,200 $ $152,178 51 %
Scores  115,138 115,138 39 %
Decision Management Software23,679 7,509  31,188 10 %
      Total$109,657 $73,709 $115,138 $298,504 100 %
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Information about disaggregated revenue by primary geographical markets was as follows:
Quarter Ended December 31, 2020
Reportable SegmentsNorth AmericaLatin AmericaEurope, Middle East and AfricaAsia PacificTotal
(In thousands)
Applications$79,337 $9,227 $35,257 $11,540 $135,361 
Scores140,410 303 1,713 2,225 144,651 
Decision Management Software16,547 2,913 8,578 4,364 32,402 
      Total$236,294 $12,443 $</